Fall In Love With Brief Detail On Croatia 2022

croatia

Where is Croatia?

The Republic of Croatia is in South East Europe on the coast of the Adriatic Sea and it has Zagreb as its capital city. The form of government is Parliamentary Democracy and is a sovereign state. This seems like a crescent shaped country on the map with low highlands, mountains and numerous islands. In mountainous ranges, the winters are long and cold while summers are mild. On the other hand in the mediterranean regions the winters are mild while summers are hot and sunny.

Where is Croatia

To its Northwest are Slovenia, Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro to the southeast, and shares a maritime border with Italy to the west and southwest. Croatia has a population of 4 million people and a population density of 73.2 people per km².  Croatia is regarded by the World Bank as a high-income economy and ranks very high on the Human Development Index. It is one of the 20 top tourist destinations and a major source of revenue is the Tourism Industry.

Where is Croatia 2022

Service, industrial sector and agriculture contribute to the country’s income. Croatia lies between latitudes 42° and 47° N and longitudes 13° and 20° E. The territory covers 56,594 square kilometres of land and 128 square kilometres of water. It is the 127th largest country in the world. Elevation ranges from the mountains of the Dinaric Alps with the highest point of the Dinara peak at 1,831 metres near the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina in the south to the shore of the Adriatic Sea which makes up its entire southwest border.

Weather and Climate

Weather and Climate

The two fundamental climatic regions in Croatia are Mediterranean and Continental. However, there may still be variations within these climatic zones such as the mountainous Dinara Region covered with large forests having an alpine climate. On the other hand, the Adriatic coast has a Mediterranean climate with long hot dry summers and rainy cool winters. The summer temperature ranges are from 26 to 30°C in the coastal region, 22 to 26°C in the continental region and 15 to 20°C in the mountain region. Winter temperatures range from 5 to 10°C in the coastal region, -1 to 30°C in the continental region and -5 to 0°C in the mountain region.

Weather and Climate Croatia

The mean annual precipitation is between 600 and 3500 millimeters depending on the climate type and the geographic region. The least precipitation is recorded in the outer islands (Biševo, Lastovo, Svetac, Vis) and the eastern parts of Slavonia. For the latter iit occurs mostly during the growing season. The maximum precipitation levels are observed on the Dinara mountain range and in Gorski Kotar. The winds in the interior are light to moderate northeast or southwest but in the coastal areas the winds are determined by the local area features. There are higher wind velocities recorded in the cooler months along the coast more often as the cooler northeasterly bura, a katabatic wind in areas near the Adriatic Sea. It is less frequently observed as the warm sotherly jugo, a scirocco – a Mediterranean wind that originates from the Sahara.  

 

Croatia

Biodiversity

Croatia Biodiversity

Croatia is a mountainous country but the terrestrial and marine area allocated to it is 56000 square kilometers. There are a total of 1191 protected areas here. 38.02% of land, 9.28% of ocean covered by value protected areas, 257 species and 77 habitats protected under EU law. The average protected areas in European countries are lesser compared to other regions in the world primarily due to fragmentation of land here as a result of urbanisation, construction of infrastructure and Industries. The species in Croatia protected under the EU law are categorized as the Habitats Directive (2500 species) or the Birds Directive (500 species).

The four types of biogeographical regions in Croatia are the Mediterranean along the coast, Alpine in most of Lika and Gorski Kotar, Pannonian along Drava and Danube, and Continental in the remaining areas. The country contains three ecoregions: Dinaric Mountains mixed forests, Pannonian mixed forests, and Illyrian deciduous forests. There are 37000 known species in Croatia and the most serious threat to them is the loss and degradation of land. Another danger to the native species is through the invasive alien species, especially Caulerpa taxifolia algae. Croatia had a 2018 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 4.92/10, ranking it 113th globally out of 172 countries. Moreover, indigenous cultivated plants and domesticated animals are also present. These include five breeds of horses, five breeds of cattle, eight breeds of sheep, two breeds of pigs, and a poultry breed. There are eight national [arks, two strict reserves and ten nature parks. 

Religion 

There is no official religion in Croatia and Freedom of religion is stated by the Constitution. Hence all minorities and ethnic groups are considered equal before the law and separated from the state. The 2011 census showed that 91.36% of Croatians are Christian; of these, Catholics make up the largest group, accounting for 86.28% of the population, after which follows Eastern Orthodoxy (4.44%), Protestantism (0.34%), and other Christians (0.30%).

The second largest religion after Christianity in Croatia is Islam (1.47%). Croats, the largest ethnic group in Croatia mostly identified as Roman Catholic, whereas Serbs identified as Eastern Orthodox. Catholicism which has the most influence in Croatian society is based on the doctrine of God as the ‘Holy Trinity’, consisting of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. This endorses cultural values such as compassion, gratitude, forgiveness and humility. They accept the guidance of the priesthood and the Roman Catholic Church which is run by the Pope. 

Tourist Attractions

1.     Zagreb 

Zagreb

Navigate through the capital city’s historical sites and destination restaurants. The main centre divides the city into two parts. The Upper Town has museums and buildings of national importance while the flat patterned streets of the Lower Town house impressive art galleries and designer boutiques. 

Explore your favourite artworks at MSU

This museum for art and design connoisseurs opened in Zagreb for more than a century ago and is a preservatory for Croatia’s 1950s generation of outstanding abstract-geometric artists (Ivan Picelj, Aleksandar Srnec, Vjenceslav Richter, Vlado Kristl) and other photographs and films featuring artists like Tom Gotovac and Vlasta Delimar. 

The Twin Towers at the Cathedral 

This very spectacular architectural beauty was created by Hermann Bollé after Croatia was struck by an earthquake in 1880. Although the exterior has been covered by construction sheathing, the Neo-Gothic twin towers can be spotted across Zagreb easily. The statue of Christ by the Croatian sculptor Ivan Meštrović is a sight here!

Visit the City’s Largest Daily Market

Dolac, the city centre’s daily market, has been operating since 1926. If you are searching for organic produce straits from farm to plate, this is the best shopping destination for your green grocery. Farmers from villages in the outskirts of the town come here to sell fresh fruits, vegetables and dairy. You will find a variety of items ranging from products of butchers, fishmongers and old ladies selling the local specialty sir i vrhnje (cheese and cream) to decorations like flowers and laces. 

2.     Dubrovnik

Dubrovnik

This town operates the entire tourism industry with the former centre of the independent Republic of Ragusa that invites millions of visitors all year round.

A Game of Thrones Tour

Dubrovnik was chosen as the setting for the fantasy city of King’s Landing when it replaced Malta as a backdrop for the capital of the seven kingdoms. Any member of the fandom would be exuberant to visit the Inner courtyard of the Rector’s Palace, with its trademark stone staircase, used for the meeting of Daenerys and the Spice King in Qarth in series two, episode five. You can go on a GoT walking tour accompanied by locals. 

Eat a Michelin-starred meal at 360

You get to experience some top-notch cuisine, perhaps the best Croatia has to offer at 360. Prepared by an extraordinary culinary management, meticulously cooked food and impeccable presentation skills at the UNESCO designated setting at the top of the port – absolutely perfect dining! The Mediterranean dishes have their ingredients sourced from fresh organic green markets and the desserts that add a final touch to your meal leaves the visitor coming back for more. 

Take the cable car to Srđ

The orange cable car which takes you up over the old town is both a historical site as well as tourist attraction. Mount Srđ has a significant role to play in Croatia’s rich heritage: as a frontier against the Turks, as a Napoleonic fort and, during the Yugoslav Wars in 1991. At the cable car station do visit the Panorama restaurant with its iconic view, seafood platters, local wine and cocktails. 

3.     Split

Split

This is Croatia’s main ferry port near the Adriatic coast with high-quality restaurants and ancient architecture. 

Indulge in the Gastro Scene

The menus before were once very simple with grilled meat or fish. Today, Croatia has the finest dining and if you want to savour world-class pizza, your ultimate destination is Bokamorra. Here the air-dried meats and truffles to the freshly baked soft textured bread will be complemented by mixed cocktails for a fulfilling meal that will keep you fuelled for some adventurous tour of Split. The seating is funky and the music soundtracks playing (sometimes even DJs) will create an ambiance of joy and liveliness. 

Party at the Academia Ghetto Club

The split nightlife makes use of the nearby beaches. The late-opening bars along the Bačvice beachside also stay busy way past midnight over the summer. The same goes for Academia Ghetto Club which has a small courtyard and a bar leading to a muralled main room. This is a Bohemian style bar in the Split’s centre and has a themed sign reading “Welcome to the House of Love.” The crowd locals socialize with tourists here and the upper stair area is only accessible for special events.  

 Discover Diocletian’s palace

Wandering through the Roman Emperor Diocletian’s palace is one amazing experience at Split. There is no ticket or extra charges for strolling. The flour gates that surround the main entrances into the palace are Gold, Silver, Bronze and Iron. Through the Bronze gate you can enter the basement of Diocletian’s old Central Hall which stores souvenirs and other craft stalls. After this you can stay on the same route out of the basement and to Split’s cafe-dotted riviera. 

4.     Rijeka

Rijeka

This is the third largest city of Croatia which has a busy port, handling tonnes of cargo and passengers all heading to nearby resorts. You can enjoy the fascinating history and nightlife here.  

Participate in the Rijeka Carnival

This annual public celebration in February for the Rijeka Carnival appeals to 10,000 visitors who come to the city centre to witness the coloured festivities. This consists of several events such as the main parade on the Sunday before Ash Wednesday, the former pagan ritual still features bellringers in terrifying masks and costumes, the Zvončari, who cast out the dark of winter and summon the coming of spring. You can even party till late at night at Rijeka’s main street, Korzo. 

Devour the specialities at Tarsa

This village-in near the suburban lanes behind Trsat’s sports hall is the main venue for Rijeka’s traditional cuisine. Although it has a modern decor, the interior designers specifically added wooden beams and exposed bricks to add a rural facade. The economical yet mouth watering platters of local meat and fish, grilled or baked; home-made pastas and some of the Kvarner Gulf’s best pancakes are available at Tarsa.  The specialities include the Franjo Glavinić pork chop stuffed with pršut and mozzarella or the Maksimilijan squid with baked potatoes and vegetables.  

Tour through ‘Peek&Poke’

This is both a museum and a club which is dedicated to early computers and computerized games. It even pays tribute to early pioneers of electronic inventions for their groundbreaking discoveries that made our present lives more convenient. For instance, a detailed biography of Sir Clive Sinclair is placed here. Some 2,000 consoles, terminals and calculators are exhibited here for technology enthusiasts to investigate.  

The Best Hotels in Croatia

To make the most of a perfect holiday at Croatia, you will be in need of a relaxing sojourn at some of the best resorts and hotels that the country has to offer all over its main cities like Zagreb and Dubrovnik

1.     Amadria Park Hotel Capital

Amadria Park Hotel Capital

The ‘Capital’ in the name of this luxurious hotel refers to its location in the capital city of Zagreb and its original purpose as the Croatian branch of Austrian bank Wiener Bankverein. Viennese architects Ernst Gotthilf and Alexander Neumann designed this art-deco masterpiece in the early 1920s with a vault and safe still situated in the basement. It offers valet parking, a restaurant, cafe and gym. The lodgings are pretty modern and urbanized and there is a special Šibenik-based, family-run Amadria Park at the hotel. 

2.     Boutique Hotel Alhambra

Boutique Hotel Alhambra

One of the best hotels in Lošin, the Boutique Hotel Alhambra has the Alfred Keller Restaurant from where exceptional kitchen cuines can be enjoyed at the Beach Bar Pasara. The special dishes here are fresh fish and meat grilled on a Big Green Egg barbecue. Along with the Villa Augusta, the Boutique hotel allows a stay at the 21st century architectural setting of Croatia.  The expansive Cube Spa Alhambra features a Rasul Chamber in the spa suite, a heated indoor seawater pool, a Finnish sauna and three treatment rooms. Extras here include a private plane tour of Venice or the Plitvice Lakes, or a private sunset cruise of Susak island.

3.   Villa Dianna

Villa Dianna

In a very tranquil natural setting enclosed between the pine forests and the sea, you will be offered a breathtaking view from your suites and superior rooms.  Villa Diana has many other facilities for both couples and entire families: catamaran and sailing courses, SUP and windsurfing, tennis and mini-golf. Two beaches, one lined with pebbles, the other soft and sandy, sit nearby. For a savoury experience of the traditional Croatian cuisine you should not miss a visit to the meat-focused Restaurant Diana, the Beach Bar Diana or the Konoba Cigale. 

4.     Villa Mariva

At the Inland Istria is a perfect landscape gifted by hilltop towns and valleys flooded with vineyards and oil groves. The olive oils, white wines and black and white truffles here are famous worldwide. If you desire a break from city life traffic and noise or air pollution, you can breathe the fresh clean air of Inland Istria away from any noisy car engines.  Villa Mariva stands near Žminj in central Istria. It is a modern, secluded villa on the edge of a village with its private green garden and a pool so you can enjoy alone time with only those members who you are travelling with. There are three double bedrooms and although the villa is located outside, the covered dining experience will help you enjoy gastronomical delights. 

5.     Kazbek Hotel

Kazbek Hotel

At Dubrovnik, Kazbek is a five-star boutique hotel with well-furnished rooms set in the converted Zamanje family villa (1573). The location is worth praising for it is near the waterfront of the Gruz Bay and is a short stroll away from the beaches of Lapad. The terracotta-roofed mansion has an outdoor pool and bay beside it. The enclosed patio is in the central courtyard which is decorated with potted green plants. Breakfast is freshly made on order and served to the guests at this spacious patio. The restaurant also offers delicious cuisines from specialties of the Adriatic marine dishes and freshly caught fish from that very day. Amenities like king-size beds with Egyptian cotton bedding, gorgeously soft bathrobes and slippers and a range of posh toiletries are available. The option for reserved dining and yachts is also possible for visitors. 

6.     Hotel Eden

Hotel Eden

This hotel in Rovinj has 300 plus rooms recently renovated and is one of the major maistra properties to Rovinj’s Old Town. Each individual room has a balcony facing either the Adriatic Sea or century old pine filled forest. The special spa facilities have been innovated as well with professionals equipped with the expertise to provide guests with comfort through sea-based, algae and mud treatments. The heated indoor seawater pool, jacuzzi, and Finnish and Turkish saunas are also available. Mulini Beach also leads down to an outdoor pool, whirlpools and water massages.  The Burin restaurant has some gourmet classic Istrian, especially boškarin beef, local prosciutto, fish, truffles and Lim Bay shellfish. Glasses of red Teran or white Malvazija are also served to make your meal complete.  

7.     Hotel Lone

The interior with its merging and eye-catching colour schemes to well crafted architecture are famous around the globe. This is perhaps a vital contributor to the Croatian hospitality industry since the 1970s, the amorphous-looking, Y-shaped Lone was designed by Zagreb architects 3LHD to suit an awkward, forested hillside site. There are pieces of contemporary art and design everywhere at the Hotel such as sculptor Ivana Franke’s wiry installation hovering above a multi-storey lobby linked by a sweeping spiral staircase. Even the uniforms of the staff are provided by Zagreb design team I-GLE.  Rooms have solid oak desks, swanky-showroom furniture, and glass partitions where the bathroom walls should be. ‘Jazz’ rooms have jacuzzi-style dipping-pools right on the balcony. There is a spa centre, indoor pool and three restaurants. One of these is called the L restaurant and offers some native dishes to spice up your stay at the Hotel Lone. 

8.     The Westin Zagreb Hotel 

This hotel has had an urbanised outlook since its construction in the 1970s. This five star hotel has been a favourite amongst the high-end Zargeb visitors including Rolling Stones, Sophia Loren and Nick Cave. In 2016, the hotel underwent major renovation which gave it the contemporary touch that is characteristic of it along with a current 349-room, 13 conference-room look. The north-facing rooms have a view of the Old Town and Sljeme mountain. The ‘Heavenly Bed’ philosophy here caters to a peaceful night’s sleep with deluxe mattresses for your comfort. There are fitness and beauty centers containing Turkish and Finnish saunas, cutting-edge Nautilus equipment, and massage treatments alongside pedicures, manicures and facials. There are modern art, wonderful boutique shopping and sightseeing opportunities along with a Mediterranean lifestyle through the fresco cafes and street markets.  

The Do’s and Don’ts while Visiting Croatia

Do’s

  • Croatians tend to be very proud of their culture, festivities and habits, therefore if you as a tourist had some unpleasant experience and want to be vocal about it, make sure you convey it as a suggestion rather than a complaint or offensive critique. The natives are very receptive people when it comes to engaging in conversations about the political situation and laws in their country. 
  • Be very cognizant of the fact that the Croatian religion forms the basic foundation of their culture and the dominating faith in their country is Roman Catholicism. So be careful when approaching sensitive topics such as divorce, family planning or euthanasia. 
  • Paying respect to anyone you meet is not only recommended when visiting Croatia but generally any place around the world. Remember to greet everyone, even children or people you are not familiar with.
  • You can openly talk to your Croatian counterpart on any topic which you feel requires a deeper insight from you. The natives love to clarify any queries and win your trust through their advice and inherited wisdom. However, wait till you have a better understanding with your Croatian acquaintance till you discuss topics of religion.

Don’ts

  • Foremostly you must bear it in mind that referring to Croatia as Yugoslavia or calling a Croatian, a Yugoslvian is considered objectionable as well as disrespecting. Croatia has suffered its fair share of struggle in trying to identify itself separate from surrounding countries and cultures.    
  • Avoid discussing the conflict between Croatia and Serbia or making comparisons between the former Yugoslavian states. If you are uninformed on this topic about the historical significance of the countries involved, do not bring it up in a conversation for it may evoke emotions of anger and sadness especially amongst the older generation regarding the issue of Siberia during the war. 
  • Croatians do not hesitate to involve themselves in discussions about personal wealth or economic conditions of their country. However, in recent times some social groups may not be very responsive when you inquire about salaries, inheritance, personal assets or property. This might be seen as endorsing classism in society so you should approach such topics with great empathy. 
  • Be sure not to pass any derogatory remarks about Catholic religion and practices. Croatians consider Christianity to be an integral part of their identity and will not let it slide when someone boasts about being non-religious. Similarly, causing dessecration to Holy monuments such as churches will not be forgiven even if the offender is a tourist with little knowledge of other religions. 

Interesting Facts about Croatia

1.     Set for Game of Thrones

It is not known by many people but the popular Netflix series, Game of Thrones was filmed in Croatia. King’s Landing was shot in Dubrovnik’s old town. Other locations include the beautiful walled medieval city of Dubrovnik, the island of Lokrum, St. Jacob Cathedral in Sibenik, and Krka National Park.

2.     Currency named after a rodent

Kuna, the Croatian currency, is named after the marten, a ferret-like rodent known for its luxurious fur. While the coins are named after a lime tree. 1 kuna equals 100 lipa, the Croatian name for the linden lime tree. 

3.     The world’s smallest town

Hum, the smallest town in the world is situated in Croatia. It has a church, a mayor, two narrow roads and its own city walls. The mayor is chosen every year by the people in the parish who carve their vote into a wooden stick.  

4.     Origin of the Dalmatians

The origin of this hunting as well as carriage dog can be traced back to present-day Croatia and its historical region of Dalmatia. The Croatian National Bank has issued commemorative gold and silver coins to honour this native Croatian dog breed which is one of the most recognisable in the world.

5.     Mummies in Vodnjan

There are numerous tiny medieval towns in the rugged and wild landscape of Croatia. Casanova himself described the town of Vrsar as “a place of good wine and beautiful women. ” Similarly, Vodnjan is a town of Gothic and Renaissance architecture where you can find no less than six mummies.

6.     The cool sun salutation 

This modern art installation in Zadar, the invention of the local architect named Nikola Bašić is recent and a very technologically advanced addition to Croatia. The Sun Salutation is a 22m-wide circle on the ground that lights up in neon colours. All day it collects the sunlight and then lights up the country at night! 

7.     Birthplace of Nikola Tesla

This electricity pioneer and inventor was born on 10th July, 1856 in Smiljan, Austrian Empire (modern-day Croatia). In his home town you will find his rebuilt house (blown up twice by the Croats in 1942 and 1992), a very small exhibition centre and short movie about Tesla. 

8.     Blonde is blue here

The very distinctive fact about Croatian language is that the colours merge together in it. This has a strange but practical reason – in earlier times there were far fewer words to describe certain colours. Very surprisingly in Ancient Greece blue and bronze were described using the same word, and in Japan blue and green are often interchangeable, in Croatia blonde people are described as having blue hair!

9.     An abundance of dialects

Too many dialects seem to confuse the people as it may be difficult to keep up with the different pronunciations of the same word. There have been so many contradictions over the fact that Croatian might not even be a proper language and that its dialects change from town to town is even more baffling for the tourists. Apart from non-natives even the locals who are from bigger cities like Dubrovnik may have trouble understanding Croatians from a smaller town such as Istria. 

10. 10% of Croatia is National Parks

Exactly 1/10 of the landmass is allocated to National Parks which is a huge ratio when thought of practically. Within those national parks are incredible Plitvice Lakes, which is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site that consists of lakes, waterfalls, valleys, and hills. In addition, there is also Krka and Paklenica. Krka follows the Krka River and is most famous for its seven unique and beautiful waterfalls! Paklenica is less water and more land, with dense forests and deep valleys.

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